Celebrated In: India
Gowri Habba is a Hindu festival celebrated a day before Ganesh Chaturthi.
It is a significant festival in parts of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. It is known as Hartalika in a few North Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. Ma Goddess Gowri (Gauri), the mother of Ganesha and wife of Shiva, is worshipped throughout India for her ability to bestow upon her devotees courage and power. Hindu belief has it that Goddess Gowri is the very incarnation of Aadhi Shakthi Mahamaya. She is the Shakthi of Lord Shiva. It is believed that on Thadige, or the third day of the month of Bhaadra, Goddess Gowri comes home like any married girl comes to her parents' house. The next day Lord Ganesha, her son, comes as if to take her back to Kailasa.
The Swarna Gowri vratha is performed on the occasion, to appease the Goddess.
On the day of Gauri Poojan, the hostess of the house arranges “Haldi Kumkum” commonly in her house, calling selected ladies for Gauri Darshan. She applies Haldi Kumkum on their forehead and distributes prasad. In Konkan, among the fisherman community, they ceremoniously unite, sing songs and dance and the Gauri immersion takes place in procession. With gaiety and joy.
It is advocated to perform pooja of Mahalaxmi along with ‘Gauri’, thus there are always two images, which are simultaneously worshipped.
Gauri is an incarnation of Parvati. Ganapati is a son of Parvati. Still it is a belief that she is a sister of Shri Ganesha. Thus the entire ceremony is known to be an occasion for those married girls who come to stay with their parents for festive occasion.
This ritual is performed with the pious intention of getting a good husband in the future. Pious intentions always fill our lives with happiness. This ceremony is intended to bring happiness in lives of the young girls, who take part in its performance and teach them self-discipline and control.